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SMALL PHYLLOPHORA FIELD
STATE NATURE REFUGE

SMALL PHYLLOPHORA FIELD STATE NATURE REFUGE
Small Phyllophora Field State Nature Refuge was founded with an aim to protect the colonies of Phyllophora algae.

Phyllophora is a genus of red algae that inhabits the floor of the Black Sea. Phyllophora is not only a beautiful plant but also a very valuable one since it is rich in iodine. It is also a source of agaroid, which is one of the most potent gel-forming substances of natural origin and is similar in composition to agar-agar.

The key species of the community is the pseudoparenchymatous red algae Phyllophora nervosa. In the last few years, the condition of the population has been relatively stable. Therefore the biocenosis has been almost completely preserved. The Small Phyllophora field was discovered in 1957.

The nature refuge belongs to the wetlands of international importance and certainly is of great scientific interest.
Small Phyllophora Field is the largest nature refuge in Crimea and its total area is 385 square kilometers.
Small Phyllophora Field is the largest nature refuge in Crimea and its total area is 385 square kilometers.
Small Phyllophora Field State Nature Refuge was founded with an aim to protect the colonies of Phyllophora algae.

Phyllophora is a genus of red algae that inhabits the floor of the Black Sea. Phyllophora is not only a beautiful plant but also a very valuable one since it is rich in iodine. It is also a source of agaroid, which is one of the most potent gel-forming substances of natural origin and is similar in composition to agar-agar.

The key species of the community is the pseudoparenchymatous red algae Phyllophora nervosa. In the last few years, the condition of the population has been relatively stable. Therefore the biocenosis has been almost completely preserved. The Small Phyllophora field was discovered in 1957.

The nature refuge belongs to the wetlands of international importance and certainly is of great scientific interest.
The boundaries of the Nature Reserve on Yandex Maps
Map of the territory
Map of the territory
The boundaries of the nature Reserve on Yandex Maps
Flora
The communities of benthic macrophytes inhabit around 80% of the sea waters in the nature refuge.

The coastal part is dominated by eelgrass phytocoenoses composed of Zostera nana and Zostera marina.

In the central part of the bay, there are spherical clusters of floating red algae Phyllophora crispa.
Flora
The communities of benthic macrophytes inhabit around 80% of the sea waters in the nature refuge.

The coastal part is dominated by eelgrass phytocoenoses composed of Zostera nana and Zostera marina.

In the central part of the bay, there are spherical clusters of floating red algae Phyllophora crispa.
Fauna
The ichthyofauna of the refuge is composed of more than 40 fish species. At least six of these species are listed in the Red Data Books of the Russian Federation and Crimea.

The mammals are represented by three species of cetaceans.

During migration and wintering seasons, the waters of the refuge are visited by more than 50 species of birds, of which 13 are listed in the Red Data Books of the Russian Federation and Crimea.
Fauna
The ichthyofauna of the refuge is composed of more than 40 fish species. At least six of these species are listed in the Red Data Books of the Russian Federation and Crimea.

The mammals are represented by three species of cetaceans.

During migration and wintering seasons, the waters of the refuge are visited by more than 50 species of birds, of which 13 are listed in the Red Data Books of the Russian Federation and Crimea.
Photos used on this site belong to (photo credits): S. Ledenkov, I. Sikorsky, L. Moroz, V. Kostrov, N. Litvinyuk, D. Rutyanov, S. Alyomov, M. Atamanenko, G. Prokopov, D. Voinov, Y. Timofeev, Y. Shumlyaeva, M. Rozanov, V. Anzylov, V. Zyuzin, A. Gromov, Y. Zhuravleva, E. Nekadimova, N. Krymsky, K. Polyanskaya, A. Rybintsev, A. Mishin, A. Dmitrieva and naturerussia.travel
Photos used on this site belong to (photo credits): S. Ledenkov, I. Sikorsky, L. Moroz, V. Kostrov, N. Litvinyuk, D. Rutyanov, S. Alyomov, M. Atamanenko, G. Prokopov, D. Voinov, Y. Timofeev, Y. Shumlyaeva, M. Rozanov, V. Anzylov, V. Zyuzin, A. Gromov, Y. Zhuravleva, E. Nekadimova, N. Krymsky, K. Polyanskaya, A. Rybintsev, A. Mishin, A. Dmitrieva and naturerussia.travel
Contacts
298650, The Republic of Crimea, Yalta, Sovietskoe, Dolosskoe road, 2.

+7 365 423 30 50
+7 365 437 88 41

zapovedcrimea@mail.ru
© Crimean Protected Areas

All rights reserved. Any copying from this site is prohibited without permission of the directorate.
If you have an emergency, witnessed a fire, illegal dumping or other law violations, dial:

+7 365 423 30 50
+7 978 904 24 40 (hotline)
+7 978 901 56 70
(Deputy Ranger Service Director)
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