FAUNA
Steppe fauna is typical for the territory of the nature reserve and its surroundings. The majority of the animals inhabiting this area (around 75%) are invertebrates.

The vertebrates include:

  • mammals — 37 species;
  • birds — 241 species;
  • reptiles — 10 species;
  • amphibians — 3 species;
  • fish — 65 species.
At the moment, the territory of Opuksky Nature Reserve is inhabited by 1757 species of animals.
At the moment, the territory of Opuksky Nature Reserve is inhabited by 1757 species of animals.
Steppe fauna is typical for the territory of the nature reserve and its surroundings. The majority of the animals inhabiting this area (around 75%) are invertebrates.

The vertebrates include:

  • mammals — 37 species;
  • birds — 241 species;
  • reptiles — 10 species;
  • amphibians — 3 species;
  • fish — 65 species.
Red Data Book
  • 59 species of animals are listed in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation;
  • 156 fauna species are included in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Crimea.
Red Data Book
  • 59 species of animals are listed in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation;
  • 156 fauna species are included in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Crimea.
Mammals
In Opuksky Nature reserve you can meet red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), wolves (Canis lupus), European hares (Lepus europaeus), small ground squirrels (Spermophilus pygmaeus), least weasels (Mustela nivalis), raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides), white-breasted hedgehogs (Erinaceus concolor), lesser white-toothed shrews (Crocidura suaveolens) and steppe mice (Mus spicilegus).
Rare species of mammals
Rare species of mammals
steppe polecat (Mustela eversmanni)
southern birch mouse (Sicista subtilis)
lesser mouse-eared (Myotis oxygnathus) and whiskered (Myotis mystacinus) bats
greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum)
Kuhl's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii)
common pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus)
In the waters, you can also find
In the waters, you can also find
Black Sea bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncates ponticus)
Black Sea harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena relicta)
grey seal (Halichoerus grypus)
One of the main objectives of the nature reserve is to conserve the habitats of rare bird species.
Birds
Our wetlands are protected under the Ramsar Convention and are included in the BirdLife International's list of Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas that are key for the conservation of bird populations within Europe.

34 species of birds listed in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation inhabit the territory of the nature reserve and its surroundings.

This list includes European shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis), saker falcon (Falco cherrug), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), long-legged buzzard (Buteo rufinus), demoiselle crane (Anthropoides virgo), great bustard (Otis tarda), little bustard (Tetrax tetrax), Eurasian stone-curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus), pied avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta), black-winged stilt (Himantopus himantopus), Eurasian oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus), great grey shrike (Lanius excubitor) and other species.
Reptiles
The limestone crevices and placers of the Opuk Mountain are home to large populations of rare reptiles:

  • European grass lizard (Pseudopus apodus)
  • Caspian whipsnake (Dolichophis caspius)
  • Blotched snake (Elaphe sauromates).
Reptiles
The limestone crevices and placers of the Opuk Mountain are home to large populations of rare reptiles:

  • European grass lizard (Pseudopus apodus)
  • Caspian whipsnake (Dolichophis caspius)
  • Blotched snake (Elaphe sauromates).
Fish
In the sea waters near the nature reserve, you can find rare species of fish such as beluga (Huso huso), long-snouted seahorse (Hippocampus guttulatus), Risso's dragonet (Callionymus risso), tub gurnard (Chelidonichthys lucerna) and Black Sea salmon (Salmo labrax).
Crustaceans
Crabs are also common residents of the area. Here you can meet warty (Eriphia verrucosa), marbled (Pachygrapsus marmoratus), Mediterranean green (Carcinus aestuarii) and hairy (Pilumnus hirtellus) crabs.
Photos used on this site belong to (photo credits): S. Ledenkov, I. Sikorsky, L. Moroz, V. Kostrov, N. Litvinyuk, D. Rutyanov, S. Alyomov, M. Atamanenko, G. Prokopov, D. Voinov, Y. Timofeev, Y. Shumlyaeva, M. Rozanov, V. Anzylov, V. Zyuzin, A. Gromov, Y. Zhuravleva, E. Nekadimova, N. Krymsky, K. Polyanskaya, A. Rybintsev, A. Mishin, A. Dmitrieva and naturerussia.travel
Photos used on this site belong to (photo credits): S. Ledenkov, I. Sikorsky, L. Moroz, V. Kostrov, N. Litvinyuk, D. Rutyanov, S. Alyomov, M. Atamanenko, G. Prokopov, D. Voinov, Y. Timofeev, Y. Shumlyaeva, M. Rozanov, V. Anzylov, V. Zyuzin, A. Gromov, Y. Zhuravleva, E. Nekadimova, N. Krymsky, K. Polyanskaya, A. Rybintsev, A. Mishin, A. Dmitrieva and naturerussia.travel
Contacts
298650, The Republic of Crimea, Yalta, Sovietskoe, Dolosskoe road, 2.

+7 365 423 30 50
+7 365 437 88 41

zapovedcrimea@mail.ru
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If you have an emergency, witnessed a fire, illegal dumping or other law violations, dial:

+7 365 423 30 50
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+7 978 901 56 70
(Deputy Ranger Service Director)
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